Graeco-Coptica

A large percentage of Coptic literature consists of translations from the Greek, beginning with the Septuagint and the New Testament, and continuing through “gnostic,” apocryphal, and patristic texts.  Walter Ewing Crum’s A Coptic Dictionary (Oxford, 1939), a major accomplishment in the field, reflects this connection by listing Greek equivalents for Coptic words in biblical and patristic texts (though not exhaustively; see “Preface,” viii).  However, Crum did not include Greek loan words in the dictionary, which are numerous. For Greek loan words in Coptic documentary texts, one can now refer to Hans Foerster, Wörterbuch der grieschischen Wörter in den koptischen dokumentarischen Texten (Berlin, 2002), to which an Addenda and Corrigenda is available online.  Information from these two reference works and several others, including L.-Th. Lefort, M. Wilmet, and R. Draguet, Concordance du Nouveau Testament sahidique (Louvain, 1950-1960), is collected in the excellent research tool by Pierre Cherix, Index grec-copte, on his Coptica site.  This .pdf file, a self-described work in progress, lists Coptic words of Greek origin, followed by the number of times they appear in the Sahidic New Testament; orthographic variants; and, usually, references to where they are cited by Crum and Foerster.  However, there is still no reference for Greek loanwords in Coptic non-biblical literary texts, though a major project is now underway at the University of Leipzig to compile a comprehensive database, DDGLC: Database and Dictionary of Greek Loanwords in Coptic:

http://www.uni-leipzig.de/~ddglc/project.html#dict

In the meantime, for the Coptic Manichaean Texts from Medinet Madi, one can refer to the “Coptic Words of Greek Origin” section in S.N.C. Lieu, S. Clackson, E. Hunter, eds., Dictionary of Manichaean Texts. Volume I: Texts from the Roman Empire (Texts in Syriac, Greek, Coptic and Latin) (Turnhout, 1999)

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